Quotes from pamphlet:
“Leadership style is how a leader behaves when he/she is trying to influence the performance of someone else. There are four basic leadership styles, which are a combination of two types of behaviors, directive and supportive.
Directive behavior involves clearly telling people what to do, how to do it and when it need to be done; then, closely monitoring performance and providing immediate feedback.
Supportive behavior requires more diverse interaction. It involves being a good listener, providing encouragement, acting as a facilitator and bing a coach.
The four different leadership styles are directing, coaching, supporting, and delegating. Each style has definitive actions associated with it.
Directing involves clearly explaining the objective, laying out how to accomplish the objective and closely monitoring and providing immediate feedback.
Coaching requires a blend of directive and supportive actions. Coaching involves more two-way communications (to evaluate possible solutions) with support and praise in order to build confidence.
Supporting involves sharing the responsibility of problem identification and resolution. The leader provides assurance and resources and facilitates decision-making.
Delegating occurs when the leader turns over responsibility for problem identification, decision-making and problem resolution.
The ‘trick’ is realizing when to use which style. This is determined by the task at hand and the development level of the person responsible for doing it. A combination of the competence (knowledge and skills) and commitment (confidence and motivation) of the follower determines the required leadership style.
In order to be considered a good leader, there are several important points to remember:
-There is not single best leadership style for a good leader or follower.
-Each task needs to be approached as a new leadership opportunity.
-Good leaders set goals that are understandable and achievable.
-Good leaders always observe performance and give feedback at appropriate times.
Leadership Behaviors Associated with Leadership Styles
- Sets mutually agreed upon goals that are understandable, measurable and achievable.
- Observes performance and gives feedback at appropriate times.
- Involves employees in the process of determining the best leadership style.
- Praises progress and changes leadership style as performance improves.”
Much of this discussion about leadership styles has to be considered within the framework of a previous post on, Social Styles (May, 2015): Strength of each of these basic styles (Analytical, Driver, Expressive and Amiable), including the ability to be Versatile (interacting effectively, using all four social styles, as needed), will impact managers “leader style” success. In other words, in order to use Directing, Coaching, Supporting, and Delegating styles, there has to be a realization that Social Style plays a role in it.
I have worked with some managers who were incapable of changing their leadership styles to fit the needs of their employees. With some, it was not seeing the need to, and/or not wanting to see the need, to adjust their leader style.
Next: Leadership Behavior Model
Six Leadership Qualities